Six key points that determine the quality of black masterbatch:
First, the dispersion is high
Black masterbatch is produced using carbon black. Carbon black is a very difficult and dirty mixture that is dusty, light, and fluffy. Unless large-scale treatments are used, it can foul machines and workers and make the work environment dirty. Because of this, the casters generally choose to complete the pre-dispersion of carbon black on a resin carrier, that is, a black masterbatch. This resin carrier is clean, free flowing and easy to use. In addition, in addition to dirty, carbon black has a characteristic that it is difficult to disperse. If the carbon black is directly melted during injection molding, the coloring effect will be very poor. Carbon black streaks and spotted areas without dispersion will appear clearly alongside the less colored areas. Standard injection molding machines do not effectively disperse carbon black.
The difficult-to-dispersive properties of carbon black also plague color masterbatch producers. High-load black masterbatches produced using single or double screw extruders have very poor dispersion. When the end user mixes or molds these black masterbatch, its performance is only slightly better than carbon black, but the effect is equally unsatisfactory. In order to achieve a stable high degree of dispersion, a high level of shearing kneader must be used to mix carbon black, such as a mixture of FCM or BANBURY. With sufficient strength, these mixers allow the carbon black and base resin to be thoroughly mixed together. The type of carbon black used also affects the coloring dispersibility. The smaller the carbon black particles, the more difficult the dispersion is.
The application of thin wax is the most demanding dispersion requirement. The final product of the masterbatch with poor dispersion can be easily seen by the naked eye from the corners. In addition to the lack of aesthetics, the poor dispersion of carbon black in the film significantly reduces the weathering resistance of the black film. Small particles with good dispersion are a major feature of the fiber industry for ropes, yarns, carpets and other industries. Large machines produce 30,000 strands of fine fiber at a rate of more than 5,000 meters per minute. If the dispersion of the masterbatch is too poor, the fiber will be broken, resulting in production downtime.
Second, the coverage is strong
The second factor determining the quality of the black masterbatch is the coverage. This factor is especially important for masterbatches used in scrap or recycled polymers. In these cases, the role of black is to cover the rest of the scrap. colour. The large-particle carbon black has a poor coloring ability and is not easy to cover all other colors in the lower layer, and as a result, the final product only obtains a deviation from the color. In the melting process, the ability to correctly select the carbon black with high coloring ability to cover the existing color is the so-called covering power.
Third, the liquidity is better
The third factor determining the quality of the black masterbatch is rheology and fluidity. If a masterbatch itself has good dispersibility, but it cannot flow into the material to be molded, the production effect is not satisfactory. In general, primers used to produce masterbatches have higher rheology. In order to save costs, some masterbatch producers use recycled materials, scraps or recycled materials as resin carriers. The flow properties of the masterbatch thus produced will be significantly reduced, and if the rheology is not good, the mold union will have trouble with the cycle time and appearance treatment. It is worth noting that if the dispersion and rheology are not high, some end users will make up for it by increasing the dilution ratio, but this will only increase the cost of using the masterbatch. The masterbatch with the smallest dilution ratio produces a uniform, dispersive black.
Fourth, the compatibility is greater
The fourth factor in determining the quality of the black masterbatch is compatibility. If the masterbatch is produced using chips or recycled materials, it may contain contaminants or other non-meltable polymers. This can cause some unpredictable and difficult constraints, wasting the time and raw materials of the final consumer. At this time, the base resin can be used to produce high quality masterbatch, and the masterbatch has good compatibility during the melting process. Premium masterbatches can be produced using LLDPE, LDPE, HDPE, PP, PS, SAN, PA, and other materials. Special polymer masterbatches are available if engineering grades and stringent physical properties have been noted. Several internationally large masterbatches producers are conducting research to produce so-called "global universal" masterbatches. These masterbatches can be used in a wide range of other raw materials, with good rheology and flexibility.
Fifth, the stability should be consistent
In today's international economy, international customers are absolutely necessary for the quality of masterbatch and the stability of raw materials, which is the fifth factor determining the quality of black masterbatch. One of the main manifestations of stability is the smooth carbon black ratio. If the percentage of carbon black is fluctuating, the amount of masterbatch to be melted is not the same, and it is impossible to produce a product of the same hue. Some final producers report that the dilution required by the chemical is usually 5-8%, depending on how much material the masterbatch manufacturer invested in manufacturing. Obviously this is unacceptable. Of course, other factors such as the fluidity and dispersion of the injected melt should be consistent with the amount of charge per batch.
Sixth, the brightness should be clearly defined
The final factor in determining the quality of the black masterbatch is the shade of the color. There are various carbon black types available on the market for the coloration of masterbatch, but the color and price of each type are also very different. Large particle carbon black has a lower degree of coloration and a different background color than small particle carbon black. Large-grain masterbatches are suitable for use in film production such as garbage bags, but are not suitable for the production of products that are aesthetically pleasing, such as television signage or where UV protection is required, such as agricultural film or external piping. For these products, only the use of high-priced small particle carbon black is used. In addition, low transparency is also a characteristic of small particle carbon black.
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